Foundations are a core component of almost every building. They prevent the building from sinking into the ground and provide lateral support for all sides. Foundation contractors in NYC, Manhattan, and the surrounding boroughs use a combination of materials to build foundations as each material has its own advantages.
Details of materials used in foundations are as follows:
Arguably the most important material for construction, the popularity of concrete is unparalleled. They are used in virtually every construction project and foundations are no exception. The foundation design of a building depends on various factors such as height of the building, area covered and soil-type. Concrete can be molded to any shape and hence is used to make foundation walls of all shapes and sizes.
Long concrete slabs used in foundations crack under pressure in the absence of suitable reinforcements. Steel is the most commonly used reinforcing material used by foundation contractors in NYC because of its strength and durability. It is used as rods of varying thickness. These rods can be laid either parallel or perpendicular to each other. Steel used in reinforcements is usually treated to be stainless and rust-free.
Concrete blocks are pre-built, brick-shaped materials made of concrete. They are generally used for covering exposed foundation surfaces and prevent frost-formation inside foundation. Concrete blocks are faster to build than bricks, but their cost limits their widespread usage. It is important to select heavy-duty concrete blocks to prevent failure.
Wood as a foundation material may sound like a laughable notation, but it is actually used to build foundations of light wooden houses, where concrete foundation becomes an expensive option. It is pressure-treated and coated with multiple chemicals to prevent rotting of wood and to keep wood-eating pests such as termites away.
As foundations are laid underground, they are susceptible to water damage due to wet soil or leakage during rainy season. Waterproofing materials such as solvent-based asphaltic emulsions, rubberized asphalt, rubber, polythene and bentonite are used to keep water away from foundation walls.
If you’re looking for professional foundation services in NYC, Brooklyn or Staten Island, give a call to Tony’s Masonry at (718) 356-4437